A balanced staff proﬁle is important to safeguard our ability to count on enough talented and qualiﬁed employees, both now and in the future. Our HR management system gives us a clear picture of our employee base and enables us to respond effectively to developments.
At the end of 2013 the total number of people employed by the group, including our share in partnerships, was 10,977 (2012: 15,653). The decline is primarily attributable to the sale of our 40% stake in Archirodon in mid-2013. Conversely, the staff ﬁgures for Dockwise (1,119 at year-end 2013) have been included in the total for the ﬁrst time this year. Although the total number of employees, adjusted for these effects, is relatively stable, larger ﬂuctuations are visible at a country level. These differences are mainly caused by project activities in countries increasing and then decreasing from year to year. This is exempliﬁed by the fact that a decline can be seen as a result of the conclusion of projects in Nigeria, Mexico, Panama and Suriname, while there has been an increase in Australia and Belgium. The number of staff from the Philippines has also risen as a result of the commissioning of new equipment.
The integration of the Dockwise HR data in our reporting system was not completed in 2013. The detailed analysis below does not therefore include Dockwise.
Sixty-ﬁve per cent of our workforce have permanent positions; this ﬁgure is slightly down on 2012 (68%). This means that Boskalis continues to have a strong base for the continuity of its activities and ensures that knowledge and experience are solidly embedded within the organization. Temporary and project-based contracts allow Boskalis to respond to the dynamics associated with the various markets and the different sizes of projects around the world. Particularly in countries where we have a lot of projects, such as Australia and Brazil, the number of temporary contracts is relatively high (79% and 81% respectively for Dredging in 2013).
The international character of Boskalis is reﬂected, for example, in the large number of different nationalities in our workforce. We employ people from 88 countries; many nationalities are concentrated in Europe, South Africa and Singapore. We employ a relatively large number of men and relatively few part-time staff. The ratios of men to women and of full-time to part-time staff at Boskalis are consistent with the nature of our work. We are to a large extent a project organization that sends out trained technical, ﬁnancial and maritime staff all over the world for longer periods of time to projects which tend to be in remote locations. Appointments on the projects have proven to be less appealing for women, and less of a natural option for part-timers. The male-to-female ratio was 92%-8% in 2013; this is in line with 2012. In the case of work for permanent entities of a structural nature, the proportion of women is higher. In 2013 the ratio of men to women for management and ofﬁce staff working at the Boskalis head ofﬁce was 75%-25%. The percentage of part-time workers employed by the group in 2013 was 4%.
Boskalis has a balanced age proﬁle. Almost three-quarters of our employees are under 50, with over half (55%) in the 30-50 age category. This age distribution provides a good level of stafﬁng for positions at the junior, medior and senior levels, and also results in a manageable outﬂow of staff due to retirement.
As in previous years the ratio of operational staff (ﬂeet, yards and projects) to management and ofﬁce support staff remained stable at 79%:21%. This ratio is consistent with the character of the company and the nature of the activities and equipment deployed. As a proportion of total numbers, most managers and support staff work at our head ofﬁce in the Netherlands.
We welcomed 2,458 new employees in 2013. Adjusted for the sale of Archirodon, 2,460 employees left Boskalis. The project-based nature of our activities, which sometimes involves several contracts being signed with the same person in the same year, gives the impression of high staff turnover, even though turnover is actually at a very manageable level. Staff turnover ﬁgures are signiﬁcantly lower for activities of a structural and long-term nature.
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